The structure and function of neurones change based on activity in a particular area, whether that is thoughts or physical activity. Essentially anything that stimulates the nervous system can help to maintain a neural (nerve) pathway or develop a new one.
Eye Tracker was developed using the principals of neuroplasticity. Every time you experience something or do an activity there are changes to your nervous system. For some people, during early development, the nerves and muscles that move the eyes don’t develop in an optimal way. The person can be left with eye movements that are not as smooth and accurate as is needed for reading, tracking a ball in motion or copying from a whiteboard.
This can result in reading difficulties that involve them regularly jumping over the little words like is, if, a, I, am, at etc. They may also join letters from one word to another because they are not seeing the breaks where they should be. It is also possible that a line of writing is broken up rather than being seen as straight.
The vestibular-ocular reflex is important for the smooth movement of the eyes. This reflex goes from the vestibular system in the inner ears to the cerebellum in the brain and then to the eyes. It allows you to maintain your focus on a point even when your head is moving. This is an automatic process, hence the term ‘reflex’. The cerebellum also happens to be a significant part of the brain when it comes to reading. If this vestibular-ocular reflex is not working as well as it should or the cerebellum is ‘wired’ poorly for reading, there is a good chance that you will have difficulty reading.
The part of the brain that Eye Tracker is targeting to help with eye movement and reading is the cerebellum. In saying this we recognise that it is more complex than simply targeting a single part of the brain, and Eye Tracker does more than just work on the cerebellum.